Allah says :"O Adam! Dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden, and enjoy (its good things) as ye wish : but approach not this tree, or ye run into harm and transgression."...
The verse above tells us of a story about a man. He was placed
in the garden of Comfort and Bliss, but it was Allah's plan to give him a
Limited Faculty of Choice. All that he was forbidden to do was approaching the
tree. However, he succumbed to Satan's suggestions.
Our first parent as created by Allah swt (and this applies to all of us) were innocent in matters material as well as spiritual. They knew no evil. But the faculty of choice, which was given to them and which was raised them above the angels, also implied that they had the capacity of evil, which by the training of their own will, they were to reject. They were warned of the danger. When they fell, they realised the evil. They were (and we are) still given the chance, in this life on a lower plane, to make good and recover the lost status of innocence and bliss.
So, before Allah allowed Satan to tempt Adam and Eve in Paradise, Allah warned them, and gave them limited free choice. Therefore, fate in Islam is : Allah says :
Verily Allah will not deal
Unjustly with man in aught : it is man that wrong his own soul.
(Yunus : 44)
Al Baqarah: 30-36
Allah says :
30 Behold, thy Lord said to the angels : "I will create a vicegerent on earth." They said : "Wilt Thou place therein one who will make mischief therein and shed blood? - whilst we do celebrate Thy praises and glorify Thy holy (name)? " He said : "I know what ye know not."
31 And He taught Adam the nature of all things; then He placed them before the angels, and said : "Tell me the nature of these if ye are right."
32 They said : "Glory to Thee, of knowledge we have none, save what Thou hast taught us : in truth it is Thou Who art perfect in knowledge and wisdom."
33 He said : "O Adam! tell them their natures." When he told them, god said : "Did I not tell you that I know the secrets of heaven and earth, and I know what ye reveal and what ye coneal" "
34 And behold, We said to the angels : "Bow down to Adam" and they bowed down. Not so Iblis : he refused and was haughty : he was of those who reject Faith.
35 We said : "O Adam! dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden; and eat of the bountiful things therein as (where and when) ye will; but approach not this tree, or ye run into harm and transgression.
36 Then did Satan make them slip from the (Garden), and get them out of the state (of felicity) in which they had been. We said : "Get ye down, all (ye people), with enmity between yourselves. On earth will be your dwelling place and your means of livelihood - for a time."
Al 'Araf : 19-25
Allah says :
19 "O Adam! Dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden, and enjoy (its good things) as ye wish : but approach not this tree, or ye run into harm and transgression.
20 Then began Satan to whisper suggestions to them, bringing openly their minds all their shame that was hidden from them (before) : he said : "Your Lord only forbade you this tree, lest ye should become angels or such beings as live for ever."
21 And he swore to them both, that he was their sincere adviser.
22 So by deceit he brought about their fall : when they tasted of the tree, their shame became manifest to them, and they began to sew together the leaves of the Garden over their bodies. And their Lord called unto them : "Did I not forbid you that tree, and tell you that Satan was an avowed enemy unto you? ".
23 They said : "Our Lord! We have wronged our own souls : if Thou forgive us not and bestow not upon us Thy Mercy, we shall certainly be lost."
24 (God) said : "Get ye down, with enmity between yourselves. On earth will be your dwelling-place and your means of livelihood, - for time."
25 He said : "Therein shall ye live, and therein shall ye die; but from it shall ye be taken out (at last)."
Extras : About Fate
Tair, literally a bird, hence an omen, an evil omen. The Arabs, like
the ancient Romans, sought to read the mysteries of human fate from the
flight of birds. And many of us in our own day seek to read our future
fortunes by similar superstitions.
Belief in Destiny